IOT: Internet of Things (IoT) is an integrated part of Future Internet and could be defined as a dynamic global network infrastructure with self configuring capabilities based on standard and interoperable communication protocols where physical and virtual ‘things’ have identities, physical attributes, and virtual personalities and use intelligent interfaces, and are seamlessly integrated into the information network. In the IoT, ‘things’ are expected to become active participants in business, information and social processes where they are enabled to interact and communicate among themselves and with the environment by exchanging data and information ‘sensed’ about the environment, while reacting autonomously to the ‘real/physical world’ events and influencing it by running processes that trigger actions and create services with or without direct human intervention. Interfaces in the form of services facilitate interactions with these ‘smart things’ over the Internet, query and change their state and any information associated with them, taking into account security and privacy issues.
Internet of Things – What is it? How does it affect your lives?
What is Internet of Things (IoT)?
From building and home automation to wearables, the IoT touches every facet of our lives. It is not wrong to suggest that IoT is now becoming part of every aspect of our lives. Not only Internet of Things applications are enhancing the comforts of our lives but also it giving us more control by simplifying routine work life and personal tasks. IoT is simply the network of interconnected things/devices which are embedded with sensors, software, network connectivity and necessary electronics that enables them to collect and exchange data making them responsive.
With the recent hype about the future prospects of IoT has forced companies to take the initiative of coming up with basic building blocks of internet of things i.e. hardware, software and support to enable developers deploy applications that can connect anything within scope of internet of things.
Many people mistakenly think of IoT as an independent technology. Interestingly Internet of Things (IoT) is being enabled by the presence of other independent technologies which make fundamental components of IoT.
The fundamental components that make internet of things a reality are:
Hardware – Making physical objects responsive and giving them capability to retrieve data and respond to instructions
Software – Enabling the data collection, storage, processing, manipulating and instructing
Communication Infrastructure – Most important of all is the communication infrastructure which consists of protocols and technologies which enable two physical objects to exchange data
Why Internet of Things/IoT will be successful in the coming years?
As the telecommunication sector is becoming more extensive and efficient, broadband internet is widely available. With technological advancement it is now much cheaper to produce necessary sensors with built-in Wi-Fi capabilities making connecting devices less costly.
Most important, the smart phone usage has surpassed all the predicted limits and telecommunication sector is already working on its toes to keep their customers satisfied by improving their infrastructure. As IoT devices need no separate communication than the existing one building IoT tech is very cheap and highly achievable.